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Average (mean) monthly earnings for wage and salary workers, by country or region:
gross includes regular, overtime, and bonus
men and women are included
both salary and wages employees are included
deductions include income tax, municipal tax, social security, medicare, necessary additional insurance, etc
the ratio between the deductions and the gross corresponds to the average of all employees - it can be significantly higher in the case of employees without dependent family members
    
 
Country Year Net Monthly Earnings (USDa) Category Net Monthly Earnings (Local Currency) Gross Monthly Earnings (Local Currency) Deductions over Gross Gini Index Refs
Switzerland 2002 3,692 Employees. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, and Fishing. Standardised monthly earnings (40 hours x 4 1/3 weeks). Deductions are based on Mercer data. 6,184 0.280 9,c
Norway 2005 3,552 Employees. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, and Fishing. Only remuneration in cash; excluding overtime payments. Full-time employees. Oct. of each year. Deductions are based on Mercer data. 30,138 0.290 25.8 9,c
USA 2004 3,098 Employees. Full-time, including supervisory positions, workforce of 101.2 million. Deductions based on net and gross household income. 3,098 3,769 0.178 45.0 1
United Kingdom 2003 2,914 Employees; full-time. Labour force sample survey. Average: spring of each year. Deductions are based on Mercer data. 2,113 0.270 36.8 9,c
Germany 2005 2,747 Employees (workforce of 29.1 million). Deductions based on net and gross household income. 2,133 3,104 0.313 28.3 8
Netherlands 2004 2,481 Employees. Excluding overtime payments. Full-time employees only. Dec. of each year. Deductions are based on Mercer data. 2,792 0.310 9,c
Belgium 2003 2,300 Employees. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, and Fishing. Full-time employees. Oct. of each year. Deductions are based on Mercer data. 2,589 0.310 9,c
Finland 2004 2,248 Employees. Full-time. Excludes seasonal and end-of-year bonuses. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, and Fishing. Deductions are based on Mercer data. 2,459 0.290 26.9 9,c
Japan 2004 2,140 Employees. Includes june and december bonuses. Workforce of 48.8 million. 235,668 280,891 0.161 37.9 6,9
Australia 2004 2,131 Employees. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, and Fishing. Full-time adult non-managerial employees. Assumes 150.8 hours per month. Deductions are based on Mercer data. 3,390 0.190 9,c
South Korea 2005 2,045 Employees. Includes 15% bonus. Workforce of 15.1 million. Includes primary sector and part-time workers. 1,878,071 2,141,473 0.123 35.8 2
Canada 2005 2,042 Employees. Full time. Including normal and overtime pay for all industries excluding agriculture, fishing and trapping, private household services, and religious organizations (13.7 million employees). Deductions obtained from net and gross household income. 2,252 3,155 0.286 33.1 5
Austria 2001 2,032 Employees. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, and Fishing. Deductions are based on Mercer data. 2,254 0.300 9,c
Spain 2005 1,934 Employees. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, Fishing, Public Administration and Defence, Compulsory Social Security, Private Households with Employed Persons, Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies. Incl. overtime payments and irregular gratuities. Monthly income assumes 152.5 hours worked per month. Deductions are based on Mercer salaries data. 1,739 0.180 9,c
France 2002 1,924 Employees. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, and Fishing. 1,494 32.7 7,9
Singapore 2004 1,701 Employees. Deductions based on Mercer data. 3,329 0.200 42.5 9,c
New Zealand 2004 1,490 Employees. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, and Fishing. Persons aged 15 years and over. Assumes 150.4 hours per month. Deductions are based on Mercer data. 3,033 0.220 9,c
Slovenia 2004 1,441 Employees. Gross earnings. 267,571 9
Hong Kong 2004 1,359 Salaried employees. Gross earning. Excludes wage earners. Excludes Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry, Fishing, Mining/Quarrying, and Construction. 10,535 43.4 9
Israel 2003 1,235 Employees. Incl. payments subject to income tax. Incl. workers from the Judea, Samaria and Gaza areas. Deductions based on gross and disposable household income. 6,859 0.202 9,11
Taiwan 2005 1,184 Employees. Deductions based on difference between disposable income and receipts per household as of 2005. 47,207 0.211 10
Hong Kong 2004 1,131 Wage earners. Gross earnings. Excludes salaried employees. Excludes Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry, Fishing, Mining/Quarrying, Wholesale and Retail Trade and Restaurants and Hotels. Assumed 22 days of work per month. 8,769 43.4 9
South Africa 2005 1,012 Employees. Workforce of 7.2 million. Deductions based on the net and gross income of households with income higher than 41,485 rands per year. 7,317 0.150 12
Croatia 2003 994 Employees. Gross earnings. Excl. employees in craft and trade. 5,599 9
Portugal 2004 936 Employees. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, and Fishing. Deductions based on Mercer data. 855 0.150 9,c
Czech Republic 2004 825 Employees. Gross monthly earnings. 18,035 9
Qatar 2001 798 Total employment. Gross earnings. Persons aged 15 years and over. April of each year. 2,902 9
Poland 2004 763 Employees. Gross earnings. Incl. the value of payments in kind. 2,290 9
Hungary 2004 710 Employees. Gross earnings. Enterprises with 5 or more employees. Full-time employees. 145,672 9
Estonia 2005 664 Employees. Gross earnings. 8,073 9
São Paulo Metro 2006 573 Employees. 1,211 4
Chile 2005 549 Employees. Gross earnings. Excludes Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing. Incl. family allowances and the value of payments in kind. April of each year. 276,882 9
Slovakia 2004 544 Employees. Gross earnings. Excl. enterprises with less than 20 employees. 15,825 9
Brazil Urban 2006 483 Employees. Metropolitan areas of Recife, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Porto. 1,022 59.7 4
Lithuania 2004 432 Employees. Gross earnings. Excl. individual unincorporated enterprises. All employees converted into full-time units. 1,158 9
Brazil 2002 419 Employees. Gross earnings. Dec. of each year. 885 9
Latvia 2005 418 Employees. Gross earnings. 225 9
Mexico 2004 363 Employees. Gross earnings. 3,969 9
Costa Rica 2004 341 Employees. Usual hours; main occupation; July of each year. 166,804 9
Cuba 2004 321 Employees. Gross earnings. State sector, civilian. 297 9
Serbia and Montenegro 2004 308 Employees. Gross earnings. 20,255 9
Columbia 2005 293 Employees. Gross earnings. Fourth quarter. 677,332 9
Guatemala 2002 275 Employees. Gross earnings. 1,993 9
Macedonia 2004 258 Employees. 12,293 9
Shanghai Metro 2003 250 Regular employees. Gross earnings. 1,997 3
Romania 2003 247 Employees. Gross earnings. 6,637,868 9
Kazakhstan 2004 244 Employees. Gross earnings. 28,329 9
Nicaragua 2004 224 Employees. Gross earnings. 3,686 9
Bolivia 2000 222 Employees. Gross earnings. Main cities, except Pando. Sept. earnings. Excluding Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry, and Fishing. 1,709 9
Dominican Republic 2004 212 Employees. Gross earnings. Assumes 160 hours of work per month. 6,672 9
Bulgaria 2004 200 Employees. Gross earnings. Employees under labour contract. 302 9
Philippines 1999 176 Employees. Gross earnings. Computed on the basis of annual wages. Establishments with 10 or more persons employed. Note: in 2001 in the Financial sector, the average monthly gross earnings were of 29,381 pesos. 9,086 9
Ukraine 2005 167 Employees. Gross earnings. 806 9
China 2004 167 Employees. Gross earnings. State-owned units, urban collective-owned units and other ownership units. Note: In the Financial sector, the monthly gross earnings are of 2,249 yuans. 1,335 44.0 9
Paraguay 2003 162 Employees. Gross earnings. 869,822 9
Thailand 2003 155 Employees. Gross earnings. Note: In the financial sector, the earnings are of 16,642 Baht per month. 5,840 9
Belarus 2003 138 Employees. Gross earnings. Incl. the value of payments in kind. 297 9
Armenia 2005 119 Employees. Gross earnings. Note: In the financial sector in 2004, the gross earnings were of 152,991 drams. 51,834 9
Moldova 2004 88 Employees. Gross earnings. Enterprises with 20 or more employees. Note: In the financial sector, the monthly gross earnings are of 3,255 leus. 1,103 9
Mongolia 2004 83 Gross earnings. 93,100 9
Venezuela 1997 81 Employees. Gross earnings. 174,424 9
Georgia 2003 59 Employees. Gross earnings. 126 9
Kyrgyzstan 2003 46 Employees. Gross earnings. 1,916 9
a   FX currency converter, as of May 13th 2006.
b   CIA World Factbook, 2005. The Gini index obtained has been measured in different years: USA (2004), Brazil (2004), China (2002), Japan (2000), South Korea (2000), Germany (2000), Canada (1998), France (1995), Singapore (1998), Hong Kong (1996), United Kingdom (1999), Norway (2000), Finland (2000). Note: the Gini index has a significant error since it is measured in different ways in different countries. It could be based on either the gross or net earnings, it could be a measure of the household income inequality, a measure of the salaries and wages inequality, it might or might not include the part-timers and the retirees, etc. Further, it should be emphasized that the Gini can only be a function of the declared earnings, which might vary more or less significantly from the actual earnings depending on the country.
c   Mercer Human Resource Consulting, International Geographic Salary Differential Report, 2006 Edition (December 2004 median salary data).
1   The 2004 median gross income of all employees (including supervisor positions for a total workforce of 101.2 million) can be obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The ratio between the average and the median is estimated to be 1.363 based on the median household income obtained from this website and the gross household income taken from the US Census Bureau (both figures are for 2004). The deductions are estimated from the net average household income obtained from Claritas, 2004 Demographics U.S.A., County Edition; Scarborough, 2004 release. Note 1: The income disparity seems to be significantly higher in the US than in all other first world countries as the Gini index indicates. Nonetheless, the average Gross monthly salary/wages earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers (that is, production workers in natural resources and mining and manufacturing, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries) on private nonfarm payrolls including part-time positions is reported to be of 2377$ in 2005 by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Considering the low deductions, this would still amount to more or less the same net monthly income than employees in Canada including those with supervisory positions. Note 2: The gross monthly earnings have increased by 2% from 2004 to 2005.
2   Korean National Statistical Office; average 2005 monthly earnings of the regular employees of enterprises with 10+ regular employees is specified to be of 2,524,750 wons; for all industries excluding agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing and excluding part-time and temporary workers. This represents the average monthly earnings of a workforce of 8.0 million regular employees. The average gross monthly earnings include regular, overtime, and bonus. The deductions are estimated based on the non-consumption expenditure (direct tax, public pension, social insurance, etc) compared to the gross income of a household (0.123). Note 1: the 2005 Gross monthly salary/wages earnings of all wages and salary workers (including part-time, daily, temporary, forestry, agriculture, hunting, and fishing workers for a total workforce of more than 15 million) is of 1,862,150 wons (2,027$US) excluding all bonuses whether they are declared or not. Noting that the bonus typically exceeds the deductions, the declared income of all part-time and regular employees in Korea matches the one of employees in Canada. In this list, the bonus is set to 15%. Note 2: The actual net earnings are believed to be somewhat higher than the ones shown here due to the widespread use of undeclared bonuses by korean companies to save on corporate income tax (the undeclared bonuses to the regular employees can amount to as much as 30% of the yearly earnings). Effectively, at the exchange rate of May 13th 2006, the average net earnings of regular employees in Korea is estimated to be around 2800-2900$US per month, or higher than the ones in Germany. Note 3: The average monthly income of all employees (including part-time) has increased by 6.2% from 2004 to 2005, and by 42% from 2000 to 2005 (that is, from 1,313,910 to 1,862,150 wons per month). This rather high increase in the declared wages is estimated to be mostly due to the increase use of credit cards by Korean customers (as encouraged by the Korean government) hence forcing the businesses to declare their revenues and employees' income more adequately. The wages are expected to continue to increase at a rate of 5-6% yearly for the next 3-4 years, as the actual income of Korean employees is still estimated as of 2005 to be 20-25% higher than the income declared.
3   China Statistical Yearbook, 2003. Gross average monthly earnings for regular employees.
4   Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, 2006. The "urban" figures are obtained from the average salaries reported in the metropolitan areas of Recife, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Porto.
5   Statistics Canada. 2005 gross average monthly salary includes normal and overtime pay for all industries excluding agriculture, fishing and trapping, private household services, and religious organizations. Excludes owners or partners of unincorporated business and professional practices, the self-employed, unpaid family workers, persons working outside Canada, military personnel and casual workers. This corresponds to a workforce of 13.7 million employees. The amount of deductions is not stated, and is here estimated based on the net and gross income of a household (0.286). Note: the gross earnings have increased by 9% from 2000 to 2005 (that is, 2.2% yearly on average).
6   Japan Statistical Yearbook 2006; average 2004 monthly earnings (including the june and december bonuses) of regular employees of private enterprises with 10+ regular employees is stated to be of 330,460 yens. Excludes part-time and temporary workers. This represents the average monthly earnings of a workforce of 22.6 million employees. The deductions are based on the difference between the disposable and gross income of a worker's household as outlined in the Statistical Handbook of Japan. Note 1: the average monthly earnings of regular employees have remained constant (variation of less than 0.5%) from 2000 to 2004; Note 2: the disposable income of worker's households has decreased from 482,200 to 445,000 yens per month from 1995 to 2004. It is unclear how much the earnings of all employees is - it is set here to 15% less than the earnings with bonus of the regular employees of private companies employing 10+ regular employees (330,460 yens). Most probably this is within 5% of the true average.
7   Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques. Average net monthly income of full-time salaried workers in the private and semi-public sector in 2003 (including the salaried CEOs) is reported to be 1791 euros. However, this is most probably the salary employees not including the wages employees.
8 Federal Statistical Office of Germany, 2005 earnings of wage and salary employees including apprentices in recognized vocational training occupations of a commercial, industrial or technical type. The deductions are based on the average income tax, other taxes and necessary insurance in a household compared to the household gross income (resulting in a deduction rate of 31.3%).
9 International Labour Organization.
10 National Statistics Republic of China (Taiwan), section "Distribution of Income Recipients by Industry".
11 Israel Central Bureau of Statistics.
12 Statistics South Africa. Quarterly employment statistics in 2005.
 
 
 
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